2011-2012 school year (Georgia)

What your preschooler needs to know

Academic Skills

Fine Arts

  • Appreciates music, e.g., claps to a beat
  • Draws and paints with purpose; uses drawings to express thoughts, feelings and ideas
  • Enjoys classical music: Bizet's Overture to Carmen and L'Arlesienne, Brahms' Hungarian Dance and Lullaby, Grieg's Peer Gynt, Mozart's Variations on 'Ah vous diral je maman' and Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, Rimsky-Korsakov's Flight of the Bumblebee, Schumann's Dreams, Strauss' Donner & Blitz, Tchaikovsky's Nutcracker Suite, Vivaldi's Four Seasons
  • Knows songs and lullabies including A Tisket A Tasket, Bingo, Do You Know the Muffin Man?, Happy Birthday to You, Head and Sholders Knees and Toes, Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush, Hush Little Baby, I Know an Old Lady, If You're Happy and You Know It, I'm a Little Teapot, John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt, Kookaburra, Oh Dear What Can the Matter Be?, Oh Where Oh Where Has My Little Dog Gone, Old McDonald, Pop Goes the Weasel, Row Row Row Your Boat, The Wheels on the Bus, Twinkle Twinkle Little Star, Yankee Doodle, and You Are My Sunshine

Foreign Language (Spanish)

  • Habla espanol con la misma facilidad que habla ingles

Health and Physical Education

  • Plays catch, and throws a ball overhand
  • Rides a tricycle with confidence, turns corners and avoids obstacles

Language Arts (English)

  • Carries on a simple conversation with an adult
  • Engages in imaginative play - finger playing, role playing
  • Explains personal experiences, actions and opinions; stays on a topic without wandering
  • Knows alphabet - identifies and writes both upper and lower case letters, and knows all letter sounds
  • Knows classic poems including An Old Person of Ware by Edward Lear, At the Seaside by Robert Louis Stevenson, Singing Time by Rose Fyleman, Higglety Pigglety Pop by Samuel Goodrich, Jack-o-Lantern and Raindrops by Aileen Fisher, Jump or Jiggle by Evelyn Beyer, The Pancake by Christina Rossetti, and The Worm by Ralph Bergengren
  • Knows nursery rhymes such as Pease Porridge, Peter Peter Pumpkin Eater, Rain Rain Go Away, There Was a Crooked Man, etc.
  • Knows stories and fables including The City Mouse and the Country Mouse, The Gingerbread Man, The Golden Goose, Goldilocks and the Three Bears, Hansel and Grethel, The Lion and the Mouse, The Little Red Hen, Little Red Riding Hood, Princess on the Pea, The Three Little Pigs, and The Ugly Duckling
  • Knows verses that emphasize likenesses in beginning sounds (e.g., Peter Piper), clapping along (e.g., Pat-a-Cake, One for the Money, Who Stole the Cookie from the Cookie Jar?), finger play (e.g., Five Little Monkeys, One Potato Two Potato, The Itsy Bitsy Spider, This Little Piggy Went to Market, Two Little Blackbirds, Where is Thumbkin?), or moving around.
  • Identifies opposite words
  • Learns and uses new vocabulary
  • Likes wordplay
  • Participates in class discussion
  • Predicts story events and outcomes
  • Respects books and turns pages properly
  • Speaks clearly and in complete mostly grammatical sentences; uses appropriate speech with no baby talk
  • Tells story suggested by a picture or sequence of pictures
  • Understands that writing communicates meaning and information
  • Understands the difference between letters and numbers
  • Uses pronouns correctly
  • Verbally expresses needs
  • Writes some letters


  • Assembles puzzles (24 pieces by 4th birthday; 48 pieces by 5th birthday)
  • Classifies items appropriately; matches and sorts
  • Continues a simple pattern
  • Counting: counts by rote to 20
  • Draws a square, circle, triangle, rectangle
  • Identifies 8 shapes
  • Identifies coins
  • Knows that geometric shapes can be put together or taken apart to form other shapes
  • Knows that the quantity of objects can be changed by adding or taking away objects
  • Places set of pictures in sequential order
  • Recognizes numbers 1 through 20
  • Understands and repeats simple patterns
  • Understands concept of more than, less than and equal to
  • Understands concept of time and the sequence of events
  • Understands concepts of 0 to 10
  • Understands concepts of size
  • Writes numbers 1 through 10


  • Air
  • Animals
  • Humans
  • Light
  • Plants
  • Water

Social Studies

  • Is aware of the community and public workers (firefighters, police officers, doctors, teachers, etc.)
  • Understands transportation (cars, airplanes, boats, etc.)

Non-Academic Skills

Basic Facts

  • Knows days of the week and months of the year
  • Knows body parts
  • Recognizes and names 10 colors
  • Recognizes and names household items
  • Recognizes right and left

Personal Knowledge

  • Knows first names of mother and father
  • Knows age, birthday, telephone number, street address
  • Recognizes and tells first and last name

Physical and Motor Skills

  • Balances on one foot
  • Bounces, catches, kicks a ball
  • Climbs ladders, trees, playground equipment
  • Colors with control
  • Handles buttons, snaps, buckles, zippers
  • Holds pencil correctly
  • Hops on both feet and on one foot
  • Jumps over objects 6 in. high and lands with both feet together
  • Laces and strings
  • Pastes and glues appropriately
  • Pumps on a swing
  • Runs, starts, stops, and moves around obstacles with ease
  • Threads beads on a string
  • Tip-toes and skips
  • Traces and cuts out simple shapes; forms shapes out of clay
  • Walks up and down stairs alone

Social and Emotional Skills

  • Completes tasks on time
  • Demonstrates ability to think and work independently
  • Demonstrates adaptability, flexibility, persistence, responsibility, self-confidence and self-control
  • Exhibits independence and stands up for rights when appropriate
  • Expresses feelings appropriately
  • Follows oral directions on one-on-one basis and in small or large groups; accepts rules and authority
  • Follows rules of simple games
  • Listens attentively (10 min in a group, 20 min on one-on-one basis); focuses
  • Organizes appropriately
  • Participates in different activities
  • Plays well with (and shows respect for) other children; shares toys and materials
  • Practices good manners and uses verbal forms of politeness
  • Recognizes and greets familiar people by name
  • Recognizes differences between fantasy and reality
  • Relates well to adults in school
  • Responds positively to correction
  • Shows attention to details
  • Stays on task without constant reminder
  • Takes care of physical needs (clothes and bathroom) and personal belongings
  • Takes the lead and initiates activities when appropriate
  • Takes turns willingly, both in play and with duties
  • Transitions easily from one activity to another
  • Understands the sequence of daily events
  • Uses and cares for materials and classroom equipment
  • Works well independently and as part of a group

Teaching Resources

  • C. W. Feder, Brain Quest Bathtime, 2002, Workman Publishing
  • C. W. Feder, Brain Quest Bedtime, 2002, Workman Publishing
  • C. W. Feder, Brain Quest for Threes, 2005, Workman Publishing
  • C. W. Feder, My First Brain Quest, 2005, Workman Publishing
  • H. W. Mabie, Fairy Tales Every Child Should Know, 1905, Doubleday
  • Alphabet Dot to Dot, 2009, Trend Enterprises
  • Alphabet Workbook, 2011, Dalmatian Press
  • Brain Quest: Alphabet, 2010, Workman Publishing
  • Brain Quest: Numbers, 2010, Workman Publishing
  • Brain Quest: Phonics, 2010, Workman Publishing
  • Brain Quest: Shapes & Colors, 2010, Workman Publishing
  • Colors and Shapes, 2006, Trend Enterprises
  • I Can Count 0-10, 2007, Trend Enterprises
  • I Can Print, 2007, Trend Enterprises
  • My Alphabet Book / Mi alfabeto, 2006, Trend Enterprises
  • Numbers 1-31 Dot to Dot, 2009, Trend Enterprises
  • Summertime Learning: Prepare for Grade Pre-K, 2012, Teacher Created Resources


  • Atlanta Area Association of Independent Schools Evaluation Form
  • Catholic Church of St. Ann Preschool Curriculum
  • Child Development Stages, wikipedia
  • S. Engelmann et al, Teach Your Child to Read in 100 Easy Lessons, 1983, Simon & Schuster
  • E. D. Hirsch & J. Holdren, Books to Build On: A Grade-by-Grade Resource Guide for Parents and Teachers (Core Knowledge Series), 1996, Delta Trade Paperbacks
  • Holy Spirit Preparatory School, Developmental Skills Checklist, 2007